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Here are some notes on building programs that read IFF files.  For LIST
and PROP work, you should also read up on recursive descent parsers. [See,
for example, Compiler Construction, An Advanced Course.]

  o The standard is very flexible so many programs can exchange data.
     This implies a program has to scan the file and react to what's
     actually there in whatever order it appears.  An IFF reader program
     is a parser.

  o For interchange to really work, programs must be willing to do some
     conversion during read-in.  If the data isn't exactly what you expect,
     say, the raster is smaller than those created by your program, then
     adjust it.  Similarly, your program could crop a large picture, add
     or drop bitplanes, or create/discard a mask plane.  The program
     should give up gracefully on data that it can't convert.

  o If it doesn't start with "FORM", "LIST", or "CAT ", it's not an IFF-85

  o For any chunk you encounter, you must recognize its type ID to
     understand its contents.

  o For any FORM chunk you encounter, you must recognize its FORM type ID
     to understand the contained "local chunks".  Even if you don't
     recognize the FORM type, you can still scan it for nested FORMs,
     LISTs, and CAT s of interest.

  o Don't forget to skip the implied pad byte after every odd-length chunk,
     this is not  included in the chunk count!

  o Chunk types LIST, FORM, PROP, and CAT  are generic groups.  They always
     contain a subtype ID followed by chunks.

  o Readers ought to handle a CAT  of FORMs in a file.  You may treat the
     FORMs like document pages to sequence through, or just use the first

  o Many  IFF readers completely skip LISTs.  "Fully IFF-conforming"
     readers are those that handle LISTs, even if just to read the first
     FORM from a file.  If you do look into a LIST, you must process
     shared properties (in PROP chunks) properly.  The idea is to get the
     correct data or none at all.

  o The nicest readers are willing to look into unrecognized FORMs for
     nested FORM types that they do recognize.  For example, a musical
     score may contain nested instrument descriptions and animation or
     desktop publishing files may contain still pictures.   This extra
     step is highly recommended.

Note to programmers: Processing PROP chunks is not simple! You'll need
some background in interpreters with stack frames.  If this is foreign to
you, build programs that read/write only one FORM per file.  For the more
intrepid programmers, the next paragraph summarizes how to process LISTs
and PROPs.

Allocate a stack frame for every LIST and FORM you encounter and
initialize it by copying the stack frame of the parent LIST or FORM.  At
the top level, you'll need a stack frame initialized to your program's
global defaults. While reading each LIST or FORM, store all encountered
properties into the current stack frame.  In the example ShowILBM, each
stack frame has a place for a bitmap header property ILBM.BMHD and a color
map property ILBM.CMAP. When you finally get to the ILBM's BODY chunk, use
the property settings accumulated in the current stack frame.

An alternate implementation would just remember PROPs encountered,
forgetting each on reaching the end of its scope (the end of the
containing LIST).  When a FORM XXXX is encountered, scan the chunks in all
remembered PROPs XXXX, in order, as if they appeared before the chunks
actually in the FORM XXXX.  This gets trickier if you read FORMs inside of

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