List headers must be properly initialized before use. It is not adequate to initialize the entire header to zero. The head and tail entries must have specific values. The header must be initialized as follows: 1. Set the lh_Head field to the address of lh_Tail. 2. Clear the lh_Tail field. 3. Set the lh_TailPred field to the address of lh_Head. 4. Set lh_Type to the same data type as the nodes to be kept the list. (Unless you are using a MinList). Figure 23-3: Initializing a List Header Structure _________________ | ___________ | | | |__| | | lh_Head |/_ | |___________|\ | |_\| | | /| lh_Tail=0 | | |___________| | | | | |lh_TailPred|__| |_ _ _ _ _ _| | | | /* C example - equivalent to NewList() */ | | | struct List list; |_ _ _|_ _ _| list.lh_Head = (struct Node *) &list.lh_Tail; list.lh_Tail = 0; list.lh_TailPred = (struct Node*) &list.lh_Head; /* Now set lh_Type, if needed */ ;Assembly example - equivalent to NEWLIST MOVE.L A0,LH_HEAD(A0) ;A0 points to the list header ADDQ.L #4,LH_HEAD(A0) ;Bump LH_HEAD(A0) to address of LH_TAIL CLR.L LH_TAIL(A0) MOVE.L A0,LH_TAILPRED(A0) ;Now set LH_TYPE, if needed. The sequence of assembly instructions in the figure above is equivalent to the macro NEWLIST, contained in the include file <exec/lists.i>. Since the MinList structure is the same as the List structure except for the type and pad fields, this sequence of assembly language code will work for both structures. The sequence performs its function without destroying the pointer to the list header in A0 (which is why ADDQ.L is used). This function may also be accessed from C as a call to NewList(header), where header is the address of a list header.
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